Elsevier: Sellon and Long: Equine Infectious Diseases, 2nd Edition · Chapter 60 Miscellaneous Parasitic Diseases

Chapter 60 Miscellaneous Parasitic Diseases

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  15. Watson EA: Dourine and the complement fixation test. Parasitology 8:156–183, 1915.
  16. Derbyshire JB, Nielsen NO: Edward Watson and the eradication of dourine in Canada. Can Vet J 38:582–586, 1997. PUBMED Abstract
  17. Clausen PH, Gebreselassie G, Abditcho S, et al: Detection of trypanosome DNA in serologically positive but aparasitaemic horses suspected of dourine in Ethiopia. Tokai J Exp Clin Med 23:303–308, 1998. PUBMED Abstract
  18. Eyraud E: La dourine et sa prophylaxie au Maroc. Bull Off Int Epiz 8:414–429, 1934.
  19. Williamson CC, Herr S: Dourine in Southern Africa 1981-1984: serological findings from the Veterinary Research Institute, Onderstepoort. J S Afr Vet Assoc 57:163–165, 1986. PUBMED Abstract
  20. Bogdanov B: La dourine en URSS. Bull Off Int Epiz 26:86–89, 1946.
  21. Kazansky LL: Methods of combating trypanosomosis of animals (dourine and Suauru) in the USSR. Bull Off Int Epiz 49:157–170, 1958.
  22. Vecherkine SS, Balykin VT, Romakhov VG, et al: Treatment and prevention of dourine in horses (in Russian), Veterinariya (Moscow), 1975, pp 70–72. PUBMED Abstract
  23. Luciani M, Di Pancrazio C, Di Febo T, et al: IgG antibodies from dourine infected horses identify a distinctive Trypanosoma equiperdum antigenic pattern of low molecular weight molecules. Vet Immunol Immunop 151:140–146, 2013. PUBMED Abstract
  24. Williamson CC, Stoltsz WH, Mattheus A, et al: An investigation into alternative methods for the serodiagnosis of dourine. Onderstepoort J Vet Res 55:117–119, 1988. PUBMED Abstract
  25. Herr S, Huchzermeyer HF, Te Brugge LA, et al: The use of a single complement fixation test technique in bovine brucellosis, Johne's disease, dourine, equine piroplasmosis and Q fever serology. Onderstepoort J Vet Res 52:279–282, 1985. PUBMED Abstract
  26. Hagebock JM, Chieves L, Frerichs WM, et al: Evaluation of agar gel immunodiffusion and indirect fluorescent antibody assays as supplemental tests for dourine in equids. Am J Vet Res 54:1201–1208, 1993. PUBMED Abstract
  27. Ciuca A: La dourine. Bull Off Int Epiz 7:168–172, 1933.
  28. Yakimov WL, Belawine WS, Rubkevic SF: Die Immunisation mit Hilfe von Bayer 205 (Naganol) gegen die Beschalseuche. Zentralbl Bakteriol Parasitenkd Infektionskr Hyg 109:48–50, 1928.
  29. Vaysse J, Zottner G: Contribution a l'etude de la dourine au Maroc par l'antrycide (quinapyramine). Bull Off Int Epiz 34:172–179, 1950.
  30. Hagos A, Goddeeris BM, Yilkal K, et al: Efficacy of Cymelarsan and Diminasan against Trypanosoma equiperdum infections in mice and horses. Vet Parisitol 171:200–206, 2010. PUBMED Abstract
  31. Argun T: Sur le traitement et la police sanitaire de la dourine en Turquie. Tur Veterin Cemy Derg 14:68–69, 1946.
  32. Zhang ZQ, Giroud C, Baltz T: In vivo and in vitro sensitivity of Trypanosoma evansi and T. equiperdum to diminazene, suramin, MelCy, quinapyramine and isometamidium. Acta Trop 50:101–110, 1991. PUBMED Abstract
  33. Kaminsky R, Schmid C, Lun ZR: Susceptibility of dyskinetoplastic Trypanosoma evansi and T. equiperdum to isometamidium chloride. Parasitol Res 83:816–818, 1997. PUBMED Abstract
  34. Brun R, Lun ZR: Drug sensitivity of Chinese Trypanosoma evansi and Trypanosoma equiperdum isolates. Vet Parasitol 52:37–46, 1994. PUBMED Abstract
  35. Tinson A, Gorde A, Herlekar S: Clinical surra in a UAE Arabian horse. In Wernery U, Wade JF, Mumford JA, et al, editors: Equine infectious diseases VIII, Newmarket, England, 1999, R&W Publications.
  36. Luckins AG: Equine trypanosomiasis. Equine Vet Educ 6:259–262, 1994.
  37. Wernery U, Zachariah R, Mumford JA, et al: Preliminary evaluation of diagnostic tests using horses experimentally infected with Trypanosoma evansi. Vet J 161:287–300, 2001. PUBMED Abstract
  38. Tuntasuvan D, Jarabrum W, Viseshakul N, et al: Chemotherapy of surra in horses and mules with diminazene aceturate. Vet Parasitol 110:227–233, 2003. PUBMED Abstract
  39. Luckins AG, Gray AR, Rae P: Comparison of the diagnostic value of serum immunoglobulin levels, an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and a fluorescent antibody test in experimental infections with Trypanosoma evansi in rabbits. Ann Trop Med Parasitol 72:429–441, 1978. PUBMED Abstract
  40. Rae PF, Luckins AG: Detection of circulating trypanosomal antigens by enzyme immunoassay. Ann Trop Med Parasitol 78:587–596, 1984. PUBMED Abstract
  41. Godfrey DG, Killick-Kendrick R: Bovine trypanosomiasis in Nigeria. I. The inoculation of blood into rats as a method of survey in the Donga Valley, Benue Province. Ann Trop Med Parasitol 55:287–297, 1961. PUBMED Abstract
  42. Reyna-Bello A, Garcia FA, Rivera M, et al: Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for detection of anti-Trypanosoma evansi equine antibodies. Vet Parasitol 80:149–157, 1998. PUBMED Abstract
  43. Pathak KML, Bhatnagar CS, Yadav MP: Diagnostic techniques in donkeys infected with Trypanosoma evansi. In Wernery U, Wade JF, Mumford JA, et al, editors: Equine infectious diseases VIII, Newmarket, England, 1999, R&W Publications, pp 315–317.
  44. Nantulya VM, Lindqvist KJ, Diall O, et al: Two simple antigen-detection enzyme immunoassays for the diagnosis of Trypanosoma evansi infections in the dromedary camel (Camelus dromedarius). Trop Med Parasitol 40:415–418, 1989. PUBMED Abstract
  45. Nantulya VM: Suratex: a simple latex agglutination antigen test for diagnosis of Trypanosoma evansi infections (surra). Trop Med Parasitol 45:9–12, 1994. PUBMED Abstract
  46. Magnus E, Vervoort T, Van Meirvenne N: A card-agglutination test with stained trypanosomes (C.A.T.T.) for the serological diagnosis of T. B. gambiense trypanosomiasis. Ann Soc Belg Med Trop 58:169–176, 1978. PUBMED Abstract
  47. Bajyana Songa E, Hamers R: A card agglutination test (CATT) for veterinary use based on an early VAT RoTat 1/2 of Trypanosoma evansi. Ann Soc Belg Med Trop 68:233–240, 1988. PUBMED Abstract
  48. Aquino LP, Machado RZ, Alessi AC, et al: Clinical, parasitological and immunological aspects of experimental infection with Trypanosoma evansi in dogs. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 94:255–260, 1999. PUBMED Abstract
  49. Tran T, Claes F, Verloo D, et al: Towards a new reference test for surra in camels. Clin Vaccine Immunol 16:999–1002, 2009. PUBMED Abstract
  50. Konnai S, Mekata H, Mingala CN, et al: Development and application of a quantitative real-time PCR for the diagnosis of surra in water buffaloes. Infect Genet Evol 9:449–452, 2009. PUBMED Abstract
  51. Joshi PP, Shegokar VR, Powar RM, et al: Human trypanosomiasis caused by Trypanosoma evansi in India: the first case report. Am J Trop Med Hyg 73:491–495, 2005. PUBMED Abstract
  52. Mare CJ: African animal trypanosomiasis. In The gray book, Richmond, Va, 1998, United States Animal Health Association, pp 22–28.
  53. Kihurani DO, Masake RA, Nantulya VM, et al: Characterization of trypanosome isolates from naturally infected horses on a farm in Kenya. Vet Parasitol 89:173–185, 2000. PUBMED Abstract
  54. Kihurani DO, Nantulya VM, Mbiuki SM, et al: Trypanosoma brucei, T. congolense and T. vivax infections in horses on a farm in Kenya. Trop Anim Health Prod 26:95–101, 1994. PUBMED Abstract
  55. Faye D, Pereira de Almeida PJ, Goossens B, et al: Prevalence and incidence of trypanosomosis in horses and donkeys in the Gambia. Vet Parasitol 101:101–114, 2001. PUBMED Abstract
  56. Kobayashi A, Tizard IR, Woo PT: Studies on the anemia in experimental African trypanosomiasis. II. The pathogenesis of the anemia in calves infected with Trypanosoma congolense. Am J Trop Med Hyg 25:401–406, 1976. PUBMED Abstract
  57. Edwards EE, Judd JM, Squire FA: Observations on trypanosomiasis in domestic animals in West Africa. III. The haematological changes produced in horses by infections of Trypanosoma vivax, T. congolense and T. brucei. Ann Trop Med Parasitol 51:63–79, 1957. PUBMED Abstract
  58. Mattioli RC, Zinsstag J, Pfister K: Frequency of trypanosomosis and gastrointestinal parasites in draught donkeys in The Gambia in relation to animal husbandry. Trop Anim Health Prod 26:102–108, 1994. PUBMED Abstract
  59. Masake RA, Moloo SK, Nantulya VM, et al: Comparative sensitivity of antigen-detection enzyme immunosorbent assay and the microhaematocrit centrifugation technique in the diagnosis of Trypanosoma brucei infections in cattle. Vet Parasitol 56:37–46, 1995. PUBMED Abstract
  60. Masake RA, Nantulya VM: Sensitivity of an antigen detection enzyme immunoassay for diagnosis of Trypanosoma congolense infections in goats and cattle. J Parasitol 77:231–236, 1991. PUBMED Abstract
  61. Masake RA, Majiwa PA, Moloo SK, et al: Sensitive and specific detection of Trypanosoma vivax using the polymerase chain reaction. Exp Parasitol 85:193–205, 1997. PUBMED Abstract
  62. Eisler MC, Lessard P, Masake RA, et al: Sensitivity and specificity of antigen-capture ELISAs for diagnosis of Trypanosoma congolense and Trypanosoma vivax infections in cattle. Vet Parasitol 79:187–201, 1998. PUBMED Abstract
  63. Ouma JO, Masake RA, Masiga DK, et al: Comparative sensitivity of dot-ELISA, PCR and dissection method for the detection of trypanosome infections in tsetse flies (Diptera: glossinidae). Acta Trop 75:315–321, 2000. PUBMED Abstract
  64. Masake RA, Njuguna JT, Brown CC, et al: The application of PCR-ELISA to the detection of Trypanosoma brucei and T. vivax infections in livestock. Vet Parasitol 105:179–189, 2002. PUBMED Abstract
  65. Peregrine AS, Ogunyemi O, Whitelaw DD, et al: Factors influencing the duration of isometamidium chloride (Samorin) prophylaxis against experimental challenge with metacyclic forms of Trypanosoma congolense. Vet Parasitol 28:53–64, 1988. PUBMED Abstract
  66. Assefa E, Abebe G: Drug-resistant Trypanosoma congolense in naturally infected donkeys in north Omo Zone, southern Ethiopia. Vet Parasitol 99:261–271, 2001. PUBMED Abstract
  67. Barker IK, Remmler O: The endogenous development of Eimeria leuckarti in ponies. J Parasitol 58:112–122, 1972. PUBMED Abstract
  68. Bauer C, Burger HJ: [The biology of Eimeria leuckarti (Flesch, 1883) in Equidae.] Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 97:367–372, 1984. PUBMED Abstract
  69. Hirayama K, Okamoto M, Sako T, et al: Eimeria organisms develop in the epithelial cells of equine small intestine. Vet Pathol 39:505–508, 2002. PUBMED Abstract
  70. Dunlap JS: Eimeria leuckarti infection in the horse. J Am Vet Med Assoc 156:623–625, 1970. PUBMED Abstract
  71. Kitchen D, Gaafar SM: Eimeria leuckarti in a horse from Indiana (a case report). Vet Med Small Anim Clin 69:408–409, 1974. PUBMED Abstract
  72. McQueary CA, Worley DE, Catlin JE: Observations on the life cycle and prevalence of Eimeria leuckarti in horses in Montana. Am J Vet Res 38:1673–1674, 1977. PUBMED Abstract
  73. Johnstone AC, Pearce HG, Charleston WA: First report of Eimeria leuckarti infection in a horse in New Zealand. N Z Vet J 30:104–105, 1982. PUBMED Abstract
  74. Sheahan BJ: Eimeria leuckarti infection in a Thoroughbred foal. Vet Rec 99:213–214, 1976. PUBMED Abstract
  75. Sutoh M, Saheki Y, Ishitani R, et al: Eimeria leuckarti infection in foals. Natl Inst Anim Health Q (Tokyo) 16:59–64, 1976. PUBMED Abstract
  76. Bauer C: Prevalence of Eimeria leuckarti (Flesch, 1883) and intensity of faecal oocyst output in a herd of horses during a summer grazing season. Vet Parasitol 30:11–15, 1988. PUBMED Abstract
  77. Lyons ET, Drudge JH, Tolliver SC: Natural infection with Eimeria leuckarti: prevalence of oocysts in feces of horse foals on several farms in Kentucky during 1986. Am J Vet Res 49:96–98, 1988. PUBMED Abstract
  78. Lyons ET, Tolliver SC: Prevalence of parasite eggs (Strongyloides westeri, Parascaris equorum, and strongyles) and oocysts (Eimeria leuckarti) in the feces of Thoroughbred foals on 14 farms in central Kentucky in 2003. Parasitol Res 92:400–404, 2004. PUBMED Abstract
  79. Lyons ET, Tolliver SC, Collins SS: Field studies on endoparasites of Thoroughbred foals on seven farms in central Kentucky in 2004. Parasitol Res 98:496–500, 2006. PUBMED Abstract
  80. Mayhew IG, Greiner EC. Protozoal diseases. Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract 2:439–459, 1986. PUBMED Abstract
  81. Mason RW, King SJ: Eimeria leuckarti in the horse. Aust Vet J 47:460, 1971. PUBMED Abstract
  82. Wheeldon E, Greig W: Globidium leuckarti in a horse with diarrhoea. Vet Rec 100:102–103, 1977. PUBMED Abstract
  83. Roberts M, Cothcin E: Globidium leuckarti in the small intestine of three horses. Br Vet J 129:146–150, 1973. PUBMED Abstract
  84. Barker IK, Remmler O: Experimental Eimeria leuckarti infection in ponies. Vet Rec 86:448, 1970. PUBMED Abstract
  85. Kistner TP, Ah HS, Hanson WL: Coccidial oocysts from a horse in Georgia. J Parasitol 58:709, 1972. PUBMED Abstract
  86. Robinson G, Elwin K, Chalmers RM: Unusual Cryptosporidium genotypes in human cases of diarrhea. Emerg Infect Dis 14:1800–1802, 2008. PUBMED Abstract
  87. Xiao L, Hlavsa MC, Yoder J, et al: Subtype analysis of Cryptosporidium specimens from sporadic cases in Colorado, Idaho, New Mexico, and Iowa in 2007: Widespread occurrence of one Cryptosporidium hominis subtype and case history of an infection with the Cryptosporidium horse genotype. J Clin Microbiol 47: 3017–3020, 2009.
  88. Moon HW, Woodmansee DB: Cryptosporidiosis. J Am Vet Med Assoc 189:643–646, 1986. PUBMED Abstract
  89. Levine JF, Levy MG, Walker RL, et al: Cryptosporidiosis in veterinary students. J Am Vet Med Assoc 193:1413–1414, 1988. PUBMED Abstract
  90. Fayer R: General biology. In Fayer R, Xiao L, editors: Cryptosporidium and cryptosporidiosis, ed 2, Boca Raton, FL, 2008, CRC Press, pp 1–42.
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  93. Cole DJ, Cohen ND, Snowden K, et al: Prevalence of and risk factors for fecal shedding of Cryptosporidium parvum oocysts in horses. J Am Vet Med Assoc 213:1296–1302, 1998. PUBMED Abstract
  94. Reinemeyer CR, Kline RC, Stauffer GD: Absence of cryptosporidium oocysts in faeces of neonatal foals. Equine Vet J 16:217–218, 1984. PUBMED Abstract
  95. Tzipori S, Campbell I: Prevalence of Cryptosporidium antibodies in 10 animal species. J Clin Microbiol 14:455–456, 1981. PUBMED Abstract
  96. Chalmers RM, Thomas AL, Butler BA, et al: Identification of Cryptosporidium parvum genotype 2 in domestic horses. Vet Rec 156:49–50, 2005. PUBMED Abstract
  97. Olson ME, Thorlakson CL, Deselliers L, et al: Giardia and Cryptosporidium in Canadian farm animals. Vet Parasitol 68:375–381, 1997. PUBMED Abstract
  98. Coleman SU, Klei TR, French DD, et al: Prevalence of Cryptosporidium sp in equids in Louisiana. Am J Vet Res 50:575–577, 1989. PUBMED Abstract
  99. Grinberg A, Oliver L, Learmonth JJ, et al: Identification of Cryptosporidium parvum ‘cattle’ genotype from a severe outbreak of neonatal foal diarrhoea. Vet Rec 153:628–631, 2003. PUBMED Abstract
  100. Snyder SP, England JJ, McChesney AE: Cryptosporidiosis in immunodeficient Arabian foals. Vet Pathol 15:12–17, 1978. PUBMED Abstract
  101. Gibson JA, Hill MWM, Huber MJ: Cryptosporidiosis in Arabian foals with severe combined immunodeficiency. Aust Vet J 60:378–379, 1983. PUBMED Abstract
  102. Mair TS, Taylor FG, Harbour DA, et al: Concurrent cryptosporidium and coronavirus infections in an Arabian foal with combined immunodeficiency syndrome. Vet Rec 126:127–130, 1990. PUBMED Abstract
  103. McKenzie DM, Diffay BC: Diarrhoea associated with cryptosporidial oocyst shedding in a quarterhorse stallion. Aust Vet J 78:27–28, 2000. PUBMED Abstract
  104. Cole DJ, Snowden K, Cohen ND, et al: Detection of Cryptosporidium parvum in horses: thresholds of acid-fast stain, immunofluorescence assay, and flow cytometry. J Clin Microbiol 37:457–460, 1999. PUBMED Abstract
  105. Konkle DM, Nelson KM, Lunn DP: Nosocomial transmission of Cryptosporidium in a veterinary hospital. J Vet Intern Med 11:340–343, 1997. PUBMED Abstract
  106. Anderson BC, Donndelinger T, Wilkins RM, et al: Cryptosporidiosis in a veterinary student. J Am Vet Med Assoc 180:408–409, 1982. PUBMED Abstract
  107. Pohjola S, Oksanen H, Jokipii L, et al: Outbreak of cryptosporidiosis among veterinary students. Scand J Infect Dis 18:173–178, 1986. PUBMED Abstract
  108. Tzipori S: Cryptosporidiosis in animals and humans. Microbiol Rev 47:84–96, 1983. PUBMED Abstract
  109. Anderson BC: Moist heat inactivation of Cryptosporidium sp. Am J Public Health 75:1433–1434, 1985. PUBMED Abstract
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  112. Kirkpatrick CE, Skand DL: Giardiasis in a horse. J Am Vet Med Assoc 187:163–164, 1985. PUBMED Abstract
  113. Fantham HB: Some parasitic protozoa found in South Africa. IV. S Afr J Sci 18:164–170, 1922.
  114. Varela JC, Salsamendi R: Primer halazgo en el pais de infeccion natural de nuestros equinos por Giardia equi. An Fac Vet 8:165–171, 1958.
  115. Manahan FF: Diarrhoea in horses with particular reference to a chronic diarrhoea syndrome. Aust Vet J 46:231–234, 1970. PUBMED Abstract
  116. Nesvadba J, Horning B, Nesvadba J: Giardiasis beim Rind. XIIth World Congress Dis Cattle, 1982, pp 237–240.
  117. Bemrick WJ: Giardia in North American horses. Vet Med Small Anim Clin 63:163–165, 1968. PUBMED Abstract
  118. Pavlasek I, Hess L, Stehlik I, et al: [The first detection of Giardia spp. in horses in the Czech Republic.] Vet Med (Praha) 40:81–86, 1995. PUBMED Abstract
  119. Xiao L, Herd RP: Epidemiology of equine Cryptosporidium and Giardia infections. Equine Vet J 26:14–17, 1994. PUBMED Abstract
  120. Saville WJ, Dubey JP, Oglesbee MJ, et al: Experimental infection of ponies with Sarcocystis fayeri and differentiation from Sarcocystis neurona infections in horses. J Parasitol 90:1487–1491, 2004. PUBMED Abstract
  121. Fayer R, Dubey JP: Development of Sarcocystis fayeri in the equine. J Parasitol 68:856–860, 1982. PUBMED Abstract
  122. Dubey JP, Streitel RH, Stromberg PC, et al: Sarcocystis fayeri sp. n. from the horse. J Parasitol 63:443–447, 1977. PUBMED Abstract
  123. Erber M, Geisel O: [Prevalence and development of two Sarcocystis spp. in the horse.] Z Parasitenkd 65:283–291, 1981 (author's translation). PUBMED Abstract
  124. Gobel E, Rommel M: [Light and electron microscopic study on cysts of Sarcocystis equicanis in the oesophageal musculature of horses.] Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 93:41–47, 1980. PUBMED Abstract
  125. Rommel M, Geisel O: [Studies on the incidence and life cycle of a sarcosporidian species of the horse (Sarcocystis equicanis n. spec).] Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 88:468–471, 1975. PUBMED Abstract
  126. Fayer R, Hounsel C, Giles RC: Chronic illness in a sarcocystis infected pony. Vet Rec 113:216–217, 1983. PUBMED Abstract
  127. Tinling SP, Cardinet GH, 3rd, Blythe LL, et al: A light and electron microscopic study of sarcocysts in a horse. J Parasitol 66:458–465, 1980. PUBMED Abstract
  128. Swanstrom OG, Rising JL, Carlton WW: Spinal nematodosis in a horse. J Am Vet Med Assoc 155:748–753, 1969. PUBMED Abstract
  129. Little PB: Cerebrospinal nematodiasis of Equidae. J Am Vet Med Assoc 160:1407–1413, 1972. PUBMED Abstract
  130. Georgi JR: Accessions of the laboratory of parasitology for 1975. Cornell Vet 66:604–615, 1976. PUBMED Abstract
  131. Innes JRM, Pillai CP: Kumri—so called lumbar paralysis—of horses in Ceylon (India and Burma) and its identification with cerebrospinal nematodiasis. Br Vet J 3:223–235, 1955.
  132. Frauenfelder HC, Kazacos KR, Lichtenfels JR: Cerebrospinal nematodiasis caused by a filariid in a horse. J Am Vet Med Assoc 177:359–362, 1980. PUBMED Abstract
  133. Mayhew IG, Lichtenfels JR, Greiner EC, et al: Migration of a spiruroid nematode through the brain of a horse. J Am Vet Med Assoc 180:1306–1311, 1982. PUBMED Abstract
  134. Miller WC, Poynter D: Hydatid cysts in a Thoroughbred mare. Vet Rec 68:51–53, 1956.
  135. Klei TR: Other parasites. Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract 2:329–336, 1986. PUBMED Abstract
  136. Hadlow WJ, Ward JK, Krinsky WL: Intracranial myiasis by Hypoderma bovis (Linnaeus) in a horse. Cornell Vet 67:272–281, 1977. PUBMED Abstract
  137. Olander HJ: The migration of Hypoderma lineatum in the brain of a horse: a case report and review. Pathol Vet 4:477–483, 1967. PUBMED Abstract
  138. Klein JB, Stoddard ED: Dirofilaria immitis recovered from a horse. J Am Vet Med Assoc 171:354–355, 1977. PUBMED Abstract
  139. Haridy FM, Morsy TA, Gawish NI, et al: The potential reservoir role of donkeys and horses in zoonotic fascioliasis in Gharbia Governorate, Egypt. J Egypt Soc Parasitol 32:561–570, 2002. PUBMED Abstract
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  141. Bucknell DG, Gasser RB, Beveridge I: The prevalence and epidemiology of gastrointestinal parasites of horses in Victoria, Australia. Int J Parasitol 25:711–724, 1995. PUBMED Abstract
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  144. Rubilar L, Cabreira A, Giacaman L: Treatment of Fasciola hepatica infection in horses with triclobendazole. Vet Rec 123:320–321, 1988. PUBMED Abstract
  145. Alves RM, van Rensburg LJ, van Wyk JA: Fasciola in horses in the Republic of South Africa: a single natural case of Fasciola hepatica and the failure to infest ten horses either with F. hepatica or Fasciola gigantica. Onderstepoort J Vet Res 55:157–163, 1988. PUBMED Abstract
  146. Grelck H, Horchner F, Wohrl H: [Experimental infection of horses with Fasciola hepatica.] Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 90:371–373, 1977. PUBMED Abstract
  147. Owen JM: Liver fluke infection in horses and ponies. Equine Vet J 9:29–31, 1977. PUBMED Abstract
  148. Nansen P, Andersen S, Hesselholt M: Experimental infection of the horse with Fasciola hepatica. Exp Parasitol 37:15–19, 1975. PUBMED Abstract
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