Elsevier: Sellon and Long: Equine Infectious Diseases, 2nd Edition · Chapter 57 Nematodes

Chapter 57 Nematodes

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  5. Rupasinghe D, Ogbourne CP: Laboratory studies on the effect of temperature on the development of the free-living stages of some strongylid nematodes of the horse. Z Parasitenk 55:249, 1978.
  6. Ogbourne CP: Observations on the free-living stages of strongylid nematodes of the horse. Parasitology 64:461, 1972. PUBMED Abstract
  7. English AW: The epidemiology of equine strongylosis in southern Queensland. I. The bionomics of the free-living stages in faeces and on pasture. Aust Vet J 55:299, 1979. PUBMED Abstract
  8. Ogbourne CP: Studies on the epidemiology of Strongylus vulgaris of the horse. Int J Parasitol 5:423, 1972.
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  10. Duncan JL, Pirie HM: The life cycle of Strongylus vulgaris in the horse. Res Vet Sci 13:374, 1973. PUBMED Abstract
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  18. Klei TR: Laboratory diagnosis. Vet Clin North Am 2:381, 1986. PUBMED Abstract
  19. Uhlinger CA: Uses of fecal egg count data in equine practice. Compend Contin Educ Pract Vet 15:375, 1993.
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  22. Hodgkinson JE, Lichtenfels JR, Mair TS, et al: A PCR-ELISA for the identification of cyathostomin fourth-stage larvae from clinical cases of larval cyathostominosis. Int J Parasitol 33:1427, 2003. PUBMED Abstract
  23. Traversa D, Iorio R, Klei TR, et al: New method for simultaneous species-specific identification of equine strongyles (nematoda, strongylida) by reverse line blot hybridization. J Clin Microbiol 45:2937, 2007. PUBMED Abstract
  24. Cwiklinski K, Kooyman FNJ, Van Doorn DCK, et al: New insights into sequence variation in the IGS region of 21 cyathostomin species and the implication for molecular identification. J Parasitol 1:11, 2012. PUBMED Abstract
  25. Nielsen MK, Peterson DS, Monrad J, et al: Detection and semi-quantification of Strongylus vulgaris DNA in equine faeces by real-time quantitative PCR. Int J Parasitol 38:443, 2008. PUBMED Abstract
  26. Reinemeyer CR: Small strongyles: recent advances. Vet Clin North Am 2:281, 1986. PUBMED Abstract
  27. White NA, Moore JN, Douglas M: SEM (scanning electron microscopy) study of Strongylus vulgaris larva-induced arteritis in the pony. Equine Vet J 15:349, 1983. PUBMED Abstract
  28. Slocombe JOD, McCraw BM, Pennock PW, et al: Strongylus vulgaris in the tunica media of arteries of ponies and treatment with ivermectin. Can J Vet Res 51:232, 1987. PUBMED Abstract
  29. Breider MA, Kiely RG, Edwards JF: Chronic eosinophilic pancreatitis and ulcerative colitis in a horse. J Am Vet Med Assoc 186:809, 1985. PUBMED Abstract
  30. Turk MAM, Klei TR: Effect of ivermectin treatment on eosinophilic pneumonia and other extravascular lesions of late Strongylus vulgaris larval migration in foals. Vet Pathol 21:87, 1984. PUBMED Abstract
  31. Holmes RA, Klei TR, McClure JR et al: Sequential mesenteric arteriography in pony foals during repeated inoculations with Strongylus vulgaris and treatment with ivermectin. Am J Vet Res 51:661, 1990. PUBMED Abstract
  32. Monahan CM, Chapman MR, Taylor HW, et al: Foals raised on pasture with or without daily pyrantel tartrate feed additive: comparison of parasite burdens and host responses following experimental challenge with large and small strongyle larvae. Vet Parasitol 73:277, 1997. PUBMED Abstract
  33. Herd RP: The changing world of worms: the rise of the cyathostomes and the decline of Strongylus vulgaris. Compend Contin Educ Pract Vet 12:732, 1990.
  34. Nielsen MK, Vidyashankar AN, Olsen SN, et al: Strongylus vulgaris associated with usage of selective therapy on Danish horse farms—is it reemerging? Vet Parasitol in press, 2012. PUBMED Abstract
  35. Dunsmore JD: Integrated control of Strongylus vulgaris infection in horses using ivermectin. Equine Vet J 17:191, 1985. PUBMED Abstract
  36. Lichtenfels JR, Kharchenko VA, Krecek RC, et al: An annotated checklist by genus and species of 93 species level names for 51 recognized species of small strongyles (Nematoda: Strongyloidea: Cyathostominea) of horses, asses, and zebras of the world. Vet Parasitol 79:65, 1998. PUBMED Abstract
  37. Reinemeyer CR, Herd RP: Anatomic distribution of encysted cyathostome larvae in the horse. Am J Vet Res 47:510, 1986. PUBMED Abstract
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  40. Smith HJ: Strongyle infections in ponies. I. Response to intermittent thiabendazole treatment. Can J Comp Med 40:327, 1976. PUBMED Abstract
  41. Herd RP: Epidemiology and control of equine strongylosis in Newmarket. Equine Vet J 18:447, 1986. PUBMED Abstract
  42. Ogbourne CP: Pathogenesis of cyathostome Trichonema infections of the horse, Commonwealth Institute of Helminthology, Commonwealth Agricultural Bureau of the United Kingdom, 1978.
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  45. Reinemeyer CR, Powell HS: Larval cyathostomiasis in three horses in Tennessee. In Proc 29th Am Assoc Vet Lab Diagn, Louisville, Ky, 1986.
  46. Dowdall SMJ, Proudman CJ, Love S, et al: Purification and analyses of the specificity of two putative diagnostic antigens for larval cyathostomin infection in horses. Res Vet Sci 75:223, 2003. PUBMED Abstract
  47. McWilliam HE, Nisbet AJ, Dowdall SM, et al: Identification and characterisation of an immunodiagnostic marker for cyathostomin developing stage larvae. Int J Parasitol 40:265, 2010. PUBMED Abstract
  48. Murphy D, Love S: The pathogenic effects of experimental cyathostome infections in ponies. Vet Parasitol 70:99, 1997. PUBMED Abstract
  49. Reid SWJ, Mair TS, Hillyer MH, et al: Epidemiologic risk factors associated with a diagnosis of clinical cyathostomiasis in the horse. Equine Vet J 27:127, 1995. PUBMED Abstract
  50. Love S: Treatment and prevention of intestinal parasite-associated disease. Vet Clin N Am Equine Pract 19:791, 2003. PUBMED Abstract
  51. Herd RP: Equine parasite control: solutions to anthelmintic associated problems. Equine Vet Educ 2:86, 1990.
  52. Kaplan RM, Klei TR, Lyons ET, et al: Prevalence of anthelmintic resistant cyathostomes on horse farms. J Am Vet Med Assoc 225:903, 2004. PUBMED Abstract
  53. Lyons ET, Tolliver SC, Collins SS: Probable reason why small strongyle EPG counts are returning “early” after ivermectin treatment of horses on a farm in Central Kentucky. Parasitol Res 104:569, 2009. PUBMED Abstract
  54. Lyons ET, Tolliver SC, Kuzmina TA, et al: Critical tests evaluating efficacy of moxidectin against small strongyles in horses from a herd for which reduced activity had been found in field tests in Central Kentucky. Parasitol Res 107:1495, 2010. PUBMED Abstract
  55. Larsen M: Biological control of helminths. Int J Parasitol 29:139, 1999. PUBMED Abstract
  56. Duncan JL, Love S: Preliminary observations on an alternative strategy for the control of horse strongyles. Equine Vet J 23:226, 1991. PUBMED Abstract
  57. Gomez HH, Georgi JR: Equine helminth infections: control by selective chemotherapy. Equine Vet J 23:198, 1991. PUBMED Abstract
  58. Krecek RC, Guthrie AJ, Nieuwenhuizen LV, et al: A comparison between the effects of conventional and selective antiparasitic treatments on nematode parasites of horses from two management schemes. J S Afr Vet Assoc 65:97, 1994. PUBMED Abstract
  59. Matthee S, McGeoch MA: Helminths in horses: use of selective treatment for the control of strongyles. J S Afr Vet Assoc 75:129, 2004. PUBMED Abstract
  60. Clayton HM, Duncan JL: Experimental Parascaris equorum infection of foals. Res Vet Sci 23:109, 1977. PUBMED Abstract
  61. Clayton HM, Duncan JL: The migration and development of Parascaris equorum. Int J Parasitol 9:285, 1979. PUBMED Abstract
  62. Lyons ET, Drudge JH, Tolliver SC: Studies on the development and chemotherapy of larvae of Parascaris equorum (Nematoda: Ascaridoidea) in experimentally and naturally infected foals. J Parasitol 62:453, 1976. PUBMED Abstract
  63. Clayton HM: Ascarids: recent advances. Vet Clin North Am 2:313, 1986. PUBMED Abstract
  64. Fairbairn D: The biochemistry of Ascaris. Exp Parasitol 6:491, 1957. PUBMED Abstract
  65. Poynter D: Some observations on the nematode parasites of horses. In Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Equine Infectious Diseases, New York, 1970, Karger.
  66. Clayton HM, Duncan JL, Dargie JD: Pathophysiological changes associated with Parascaris equorum infection in the foal. Equine Vet J 12:23–25, 1980. PUBMED Abstract
  67. Clayton HM: Experimental Parascaris equorum infection in the foal, Scotland, 1978 (PhD thesis), University of Glasgow.
  68. Southwood LL, Ragle CA, Snyder JR, Hendrickson DA: Surgical treatment of ascarid impactions in horses and foals. Proc Am Assoc Equine Pract 42:258, 1996.
  69. Clayton HM, Duncan JL: Clinical signs associated with Parascaris equorum infection in worm-free pony foals and yearlings. Vet Parasitol 4:69, 1978.
  70. Cribb NC, Cote NM, Boure LP, et al: Acute small intestinal obstruction associated with Parascaris equorum infection in young horses: 25 cases (1985–2004). N Z Vet J 54:338, 2006. PUBMED Abstract
  71. Brown P, Clayton HM: The pathological changes in the livers of foals experimentally infected with Parascaris equorum. J Comp Pathol 89:115, 1979.
  72. Nichols JM, Clayton HM, Pirie HM, et al: A pathological study of the lungs of foals infected experimentally with Parascaris equorum. J Comp Pathol 58:261, 1978. PUBMED Abstract
  73. Hearn FP, Peregrine AS: Identification of foals infected with Parascaris equorum apparently resistant to ivermectin. J Am Vet Med Assoc 223:482, 2003. PUBMED Abstract
  74. Boersema JH, Eysker M, Nas JWM: Apparent resistance of Parascaris equorum to macrocyclic lactones. Vet Rec 150:279, 2002. PUBMED Abstract
  75. Schougaard H, Nielsen MK: Apparent ivermectin resistance of Parascaris equorum in Danish foals. Vet Rec 160:439, 2007. PUBMED Abstract
  76. Kaplan RM, Reinemeyer CR, Slocombe O, et al: Confirmation of ivermectin resistance in a purportedly resistant Canadian isolate of Parascaris equorum in foals. Proc Am Assoc Vet Parasitol 51:69, 2006.
  77. Lyons ET, Tolliver SC, Ionita, M, et al: Evaluation of parasiticidal activity of fenbendazole, ivermectin, oxibendazole, and pyrantel pamoate in horse foals with emphasis on ascarids (Parascaris equorum) in field studies on five farms in Central Kentucky in 2007. Parasitol Res 103:287, 2008. PUBMED Abstract
  78. Dipietro JA, Lock TF, Todd KS, et al: Evaluation of ivermectin paste in the treatment of ponies for Parascaris equorum infections. J Am Vet Med Assoc 190:1181, 1987. PUBMED Abstract
  79. Lyons ET, Drudge JH, Tolliver SC: On the life cycle of Strongyloides westeri in the equine. J Parasitol 59:780, 1973. PUBMED Abstract
  80. Dewes HF: The association between weather, frenzied behavior, percutaneous invasion by Strongyloides westeri larvae and Rhodococcus equi disease in foals. N Z Vet J 37:69, 1989. PUBMED Abstract
  81. Brown CA, MacKay RJ, Chandra S, et al: Overwhelming strongyloidosis in a foal. J Am Vet Med Assoc 211:333, 1997. PUBMED Abstract
  82. Lyons ET, Tolliver SC: Prevalence of parasite eggs (Strongyloides westeri, Parascaris equorum, and strongyles) and oocysts (Eimeria leuckarti) in the feces of Thoroughbred foals on 14 farms in central Kentucky in 2003. Parasitol Res 92:4, 2004. PUBMED Abstract
  83. Dewes HF, Townsend KG: Further observations on Strongyloides westeri dermatitis: recovery of larvae from soil and bedding, and survival in treated sites. N Z Vet J 38:34, 1990. PUBMED Abstract
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  85. Ludwig KG, Craig TM, Bowen JM, et al: Efficacy of ivermectin in controlling Strongyloides westeri infections in foals. Am J Vet Res 44:314, 1983. PUBMED Abstract
  86. Roeckel IE, Lyons ET: Cutaneous larva migrans, an occupational disease. Ann Clin Lab Sci 7:405, 1977. PUBMED Abstract
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  133. Lyons ET, Tolliver SC, Drudge JH, et al: Parasites in lungs of dead equids in Kentucky: emphasis on Dictyocaulus arnfieldi. Am J Vet Res 46:924–927, 1985. PUBMED Abstract
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