Chapter 63 Infectious Diseases and International Movement of Horses

  1. Grein TW, Kande-Bure OK, Guenael R, et al: Rumors of disease in the global village: outbreak verification. Emerg Infect Dis 6:97, 2000. PUBMED Abstract
  2. Timoney PJ: The significance of emerging diseases. Horse 17:39, 2000.
  3. Timoney PJ: Factors influencing the international spread of equine diseases. Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract 16:537–551, 2000. PUBMED Abstract
  4. Hubalek Z, Halouzka J: West Nile fever: a re-emerging mosquito-borne viral disease in Europe. Emerg Infect Dis 5:643, 1999. PUBMED Abstract
  5. Timoney PJ: Equids and equine semen: international trade vs. disease control. In Wernery U, Wade JF, Mumford JA, et al: Proceedings of Eighth International Conference on Equine Infectious Diseases, Newmarket, England, 1999, R&W Publications.
  6. American Horse Council Foundation: The economic impact of the horse industry on the United States, Washington, DC, 2005, The Foundation.
  7. Timoney PJ: The increasing significance of international trade in equids and its influence on the spread of infectious diseases. Ann NY Acad Sci 916:55–60, 2000. PUBMED Abstract
  8. World Trade Organization (WTO): Agreement on the application of sanitary and phytosanitary measures. In The results of the Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations: the legal texts, Geneva, 1994, GATT.
  9. Magalhaes J: World trade in animals and animal products: present situation and trends. In Selected Proceedings XXV World Veterinary Congress, Yokohama, Japan, 1997.
  10. Sellnow L: Dual hemisphere breeding. Horse 16:49–53, 1999.
  11. Davies Morel MCG: Breeding globally: AI advances. Horse 22:28–38, 2005.
  12. Mercado S: The equine industry in Mexico, 1994, Southern United States Trade Association.
  13. Pilkington M, Wilson G: Australian horses as a primary industry, Canberra, 1995, Australian Government Printing Services, Pirie Printers.
  14. The economic impact of the horse industry in the United States: national summary, Washington, DC, 1996, American Horse Council Foundation.
  15. Gordon J: The horse industry: contributing to the Australian economy, Kingston, 2001, RIRDC.
  16. Timoney PJ: Equine viral arteritis. Am Assoc Equine Pract Rep 7, 2000.
  17. Metcalf ES: The role of international transport of equine semen on disease transmission. Anim Reprod Sci 68:229–237, 2001. PUBMED Abstract
  18. Balasuriya UBR, Evermann JF, Hedges JF, et al: Serologic and molecular characterization of an abortigenic strain of equine arteritis virus isolated from infective frozen semen and an aborted equine fetus. J Am Vet Med Assoc 213:1586–1589, 1998. PUBMED Abstract
  19. Sanchez-Vizcaino JJ: Control and eradication of AHS with vaccine. In Bakkoury M, Dakkak A, editors: 9th Congress of the World Equine Veterinary Association Proceedings, Rabat, 2006, Imprimerie Lawne.
  20. Powell DG, Watkins KL, Li PJ, et al: Outbreak of equine influenza among horses in Hong Kong during 1992. Vet Rec 136:531–536, 1995. PUBMED Abstract
  21. Mumford JA, Wood J: Consultation on newly emerging strains of equine influenza. Vaccine 11:1172–1175, 1993.
  22. Guthrie AJ: Equine influenza in South Africa, 2003 outbreak. In Bakkoury M, Dakkak A, editors: 9th Congress of the World Equine Veterinary Association Proceedings, Rabat, 2006, Imprimerie Lawne.
  23. Rezendes A. Australia battles equine influenza. J Am Vet Med Assoc 15:1189, 2007. PUBMED Abstract
  24. Roest HI, Heath PJ, Dawson D, Markey G, Dijkstra YE, Engelsma M, van Zilderveld FG: Summary of the First International Conference on Contagious Equine Metritis. Tijdschr Diergeneeskd. 132:936–938, 2007. PUBMED Abstract
  25. Wilson WD: Equine influenza. Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract 9:257–282, 1993. PUBMED Abstract
  26. Oberste MS, Fraire M, Navarro R, et al: Association of Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus subtype 1E with two equine epizootics in Mexico. Am J Trop Med Hyg 59:100–107, 1998. PUBMED Abstract
  27. Allen G: New insights into equine herpesvirus-1 (EHV-1) neurologic disease. Equine Dis Q 15:2–3, 2006.
  28. Taubes G: Apocalypse not. Science 278:1004, 1997. PUBMED Abstract
  29. Loper R: Academy urges wider study of climate-disease links. ASM News 65:13, 1999.
  30. McMichael AJ, Haines A: Global climate change: the potential effects on health. BMJ 315:805, 1997. PUBMED Abstract
  31. Baylis M, Mellor PS, Meiswinkle R: Horse sickness and ENSO in South Africa. Nature 397:574, 1999. PUBMED Abstract
  32. Guyette J: Newer mosquito could be culprit in West Nile virus. In Proceedings of the 66th Annual Meeting of the American Mosquito Control Association, 2000.
  33. Guyette J: Asian tiger mosquito shows new stripes as EEE carrier. In Pest control. Proceedings of the 66th Annual Meeting of the American Mosquito Control Association, 2000.
  34. Calisher CH, Maness KSC, Lord RD, et al: Identification of two South American strains of eastern equine encephalomyelitis virus from migrant birds captured on the Mississippi Delta. Am J Epidemiol 94:172, 1971. PUBMED Abstract
  35. Lord RD, Calisher CH: Further evidence of southward transport of arboviruses by migratory birds. Am J Epidemiol 92:73, 1970. PUBMED Abstract
  36. Work TH, Lord RD: Trans-gulf migrants and the epizootiology of arboviruses in North America. In Transcontinental connections of migratory birds and their role in the distribution of arboviruses, Novosibirsk, Russia, 1972, Nauka.
  37. Rappole JH, Derrickson SR, Hubalek Z: Migratory birds and spread of West Nile virus in the Western Hemisphere. Emerg Infect Dis 6:319, 2000. PUBMED Abstract
  38. Pavlin JA, Witt CJ, Noah DL, et al: Bioterrorism and equids. Clin Tech Equine Pract 1:109–115, 2002.
  39. Office International des Epizooties (OIE): Terrestrial animal health code 2005, Paris, 2005, World Organization for Animal Health.