Chapter 32 Leptospirosis

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  21. Bernard WV, Bolin C, Riddle T, et al: Leptospiral abortion and leptospiruria in horses from the same farm. J Am Vet Med Assoc 202:1285, 1993. PUBMED Abstract
  22. Ellis WA, O'Brien JJ, Cassells JA, et al: Leptospiral infection in horses in Northern Ireland: serological and microbiological findings. Equine Vet J 12:317, 1983. PUBMED Abstract
  23. Kiston-Piggot AW, Prescott JF: Leptospirosis infection in horses in Ontario. Can J Vet Res 51:448, 1987. PUBMED Abstract
  24. Van den Ingh TS, Hartman EG, Bercovich Z: Clinical Leptospira interrogans serogroup Australis serovar Lora infection in a stud farm in The Netherlands. Vet Q 11:175, 1989. PUBMED Abstract
  25. Williams DM, Smith BJ, Donahue JM, et al: Serological and microbiological findings on 3 farms with equine leptospiral abortions. Equine Vet J 26:105, 1994. PUBMED Abstract
  26. Radostits OM, Gay CC, Blood DC, et al: Diseases caused by Leptospira spp. In Veterinary medicine: a textbook of the diseases of cattle, sheep, pigs, goats and horses, ed 9, London, 2000, Saunders.
  27. Thiermann AB: Use of solid medium for isolation of leptospires of the Hebdomadis serogroup from bovine milk and urine. Am J Vet Res 42:2143, 1981. PUBMED Abstract
  28. Thiermann AB: Leptospirosis: current developments and trends. J Am Vet Med Assoc 184:722, 1984. PUBMED Abstract
  29. Greene CE, Sykes, JE, Brown CA, et al: Leptospirosis. In Greene CE, editor: Infectious diseases of the dog and cat, ed 3, St Louis, 2006, Saunders.
  30. Soloshenko IZ: Role of suctorial arthropods in transmitting and preserving pathogenic leptospiras. II. Relation of suctorial arthropods to pathogenesis of anicteric leptospirosis. Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol 33:31, 1962. PUBMED Abstract
  31. Harrison NA, Fitzgerald WR: Leptospirosis: can it be a sexually transmitted disease? Postgrad Med J 64:163, 1988. PUBMED Abstract
  32. Philpott M: The dangers of disease transmission by artificial insemination and embryo transfer. Br Vet J 149:339, 1993. PUBMED Abstract
  33. Bernard WV, Williams D, Tuttle PA, et al: Hematuria and leptospiruria in a foal. J Am Vet Med Assoc 203:276, 1993. PUBMED Abstract
  34. Ellis WA, Bryson DB, O'Brien JJ, et al: Leptospiral infection in aborted equine fetuses. Equine Vet J 15:321, 1983. PUBMED Abstract
  35. Hodgin EC, Miller DA, Lozano F: Leptospira abortion in horses. J Vet Diagn Invest 1:283, 1987.
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  37. Shapiro JL, Prescott JF, Henry G: Equine abortions in eastern Ontario due to leptospirosis. Can Vet J 40:350, 1999. PUBMED Abstract
  38. Vemulapalli R, Langohr IN, Sanchez A, et al: Molecular detection of Leptospira kirschneri in tissues of a prematurely born foal. J Vet Diagn Invest 17:67, 2005. PUBMED Abstract
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  41. Carpio MM, Iversen JO: A serological survey of Leptospira interrogans serotype Pomona in Saskatchewan horses. Can Vet J 20:127, 1979. PUBMED Abstract
  42. Cerri D, Ebani VV, Fratini F, et al: Epidemiology of leptospirosis: observations on serological data obtained by a “diagnostic laboratory for leptospirosis” from 1995 to 2001. New Microbiol 26:383, 2003. PUBMED Abstract
  43. Dickeson D, Love DN: A serological survey of dogs, cats and horses in southeastern Australia for leptospiral antibodies. Aust Vet J 70:389, 1993. PUBMED Abstract
  44. Egan J, Yearsley D: A serological survey of leptospiral infection in horses in the Republic of Ireland. Vet Rec 119:306, 1986. PUBMED Abstract
  45. Hathaway SC, Little TWA, Finch SM, et al: Leptospiral infection in horses in England: a serological study. Vet Rec 108:396, 1981. PUBMED Abstract
  46. Higgins R, Cayouette P: Serological diagnosis of leptospirosis in the Province of Quebec. Can Vet J 19:13, 1978. PUBMED Abstract
  47. Hill WK, Weenink-Van Loon CD: Review of the incidence of antibodies to various serological groups of the species Leptospira interrogans in a number of farm animals in The Netherlands. Tijdschr Diergeneeskd 101:835, 1976. PUBMED Abstract
  48. Lees VW, Gale SP: Titers to Leptospira species in horses in Alberta. Can Vet J 35:636, 1994. PUBMED Abstract
  49. Moch RW, Ebner EE, Barsoum LS, et al: Leptospirosis in Ethiopia: a serological survey in domestic and wild animals. J Trop Med Hyg 78:38, 1975. PUBMED Abstract
  50. Rocha T: A review of leptospirosis in farm animals in Portugal. Res Sci Tech 17:699, 1998. PUBMED Abstract
  51. Rocha T, Ellis WA, Montgomery J, et al: Microbiological and serological study of leptospirosis in horses at slaughter: first isolations. Res Vet Sci 76:199, 2004. PUBMED Abstract
  52. Sandstedt K, Engvail A: Serum antibodies to Leptospira bratislava in Swedish pigs and horses. Nord Vet Med 37:312, 1985. PUBMED Abstract
  53. Schlichting M, Sanders RH: Incidence of leptospira in horses: a laboratory report. J Am Vet Med Assoc 128:601, 1956. PUBMED Abstract
  54. Slatter DH, Hawkins CD: Prevalence of leptospiral titers in normal horses. Aust Vet J 59:84, 1982. PUBMED Abstract
  55. Swart KS, Calvert K, Meney C: The prevalence of antibodies to serovars of Leptospira interrogans in horses. Aust Vet J 59:25, 1982. PUBMED Abstract
  56. Smith RE, Williams IA, Kingsbury ET: Serologic evidence of equine leptospirosis in the northeast United States. Cornell Vet 66:105, 1976. PUBMED Abstract
  57. Twigg GI, Hughes DM, McDiarmid A: Occurrence of leptospirosis in Thoroughbred horses. Equine Vet J 3:52, 1971. PUBMED Abstract
  58. Barsoum IS, Botros BA, Morcos MB: Equine leptospirosis with some clinical observations. Ann Rech Vet 9:115, 1978. PUBMED Abstract
  59. Myers DM: Serological studies and isolations of serotype Hardjo and Leptospira biflexa strains from horses of Argentina. J Clin Microbiol 3:548, 1976. PUBMED Abstract
  60. Kirkman DB, Campbell RSF, Miller RI: Observations on equine leptospirosis. Aust Vet J 59:124, 1982. PUBMED Abstract
  61. Baverud V, Gunnarsson A, Engvall EO, et al: Leptospira seroprevalence and associations between seropositivity, clinical disease and host factors in horses. Acta Vet Scand 51:15, 2009. PUBMED Abstract
  62. Hashimoto VY, Goncalves DD, Silva FG, et al: Occurrence of antibodies against Leptospira spp. In horses of the urban area of Londrina, Parana, Brazil. Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo 49:327, 2007. PUBMED Abstract
  63. Houwers DJ, Goris MG, Abdoel T, et al: Agglutinating antibodies against pathogenic Leptospira in healthy dogs and horses indicate common exposure and regular occurrence of subclinical infections. Vet Microbiol 148:449, 2011. PUBMED Abstract
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  65. Jung BY, Lee KW, Ha TY: Seroprevalence of Leptospira spp. in clinically healthy racing horses in Korea. J Vet Med Sci 72:197, 2010. PUBMED Abstract
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  67. Barwick RS, Mohammed HO, McDonough PL, et al: Risk factors associated with the likelihood of leptospiral seropositivity in horse in the state of New York. Am J Vet Res 58:1097, 1997. PUBMED Abstract
  68. Barwick RS, Mohammed HO, McDonough PL, et al: Epidemiologic features of equine Leptospira interrogans of human significance. Prev Vet Med 36:153, 1998. PUBMED Abstract
  69. Tyndel PE: Probable leptospiral abortion in mares. N Z Vet J 40:401, 1977. PUBMED Abstract
  70. Crane CS: A report on leptospirosis in a herd of Shetland ponies. J Am Vet Med Assoc 129:260, 1956. PUBMED Abstract
  71. Donahue JM, Smith BJ, Redmon KJ, et al: Diagnosis and prevalence of leptospira infection in aborted and stillborn horses. J Vet Diagn Invest 3:148, 1991. PUBMED Abstract
  72. Donahue JM, Smith BJ, Donahoe JK, et al: Prevalence and serovars of leptospira involved in equine abortions in central Kentucky during the 1990 foaling season. J Vet Diagn Invest 4:279, 1992. PUBMED Abstract
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  76. Poonacha KB, Donahue JM, Giles RC, et al: Leptospirosis in equine fetuses, stillborn foals, and placentas. Vet Pathol 30:362, 1993. PUBMED Abstract
  77. Kinde H, Hietala SK, Bolin CA, et al: Leptospiral abortion in horses following a flooding incident. Equine Vet J 28:327, 1996. PUBMED Abstract
  78. Leon A, Pronost S, Tapprest J, et al: Identification of pathogenic Leptospira strains in tissues of a premature foal by use of polymerase chain reaction analysis. J Vet Diagn Invest 18:218, 2006. PUBMED Abstract
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  92. Bernheimer AW, Bey RF: Copurification of Leptospira interrogans serovar Pomona hemolysin and sphingomyelinase C. Infect Immun 54:262, 1986. PUBMED Abstract
  93. Del Real G, Segers RP, van der Zeijst BA, et al: Cloning of a hemolysin gene from Leptospira interrogans serovar Hardjo. Infect Immun 57:2588, 1989. PUBMED Abstract
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  99. Parma AE, Fernandez AS, Santisteban CG, et al: Tears and aqueous humor from horses inoculated with Leptospira contain antibodies which bind to cornea. Vet Immunol Immunopathol 14:181, 1987. PUBMED Abstract
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